This book focuses on the similarities and differences between substance and non-substance addictions. It discusses in detail the mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of substance and non-substance addictions, and addresses selected prospects that will shape future studies on addiction. Addiction is a global problem that costs millions of lives tremendous damage year after year. There are mainly two types of addition: substance addiction (e.g., nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, heroin, stimulants, etc.) and non-substance addiction (e.g., gambling, computer gaming, Internet, etc.). Based on existing evidence, both types of addiction produce negative impacts on individuals physical, mental, social and financial well-being, and share certain common mechanisms, which involve a dysfunction of the neural reward system and specific gene transcription factors. However, there are also key differences between these two types of addiction. Covering these aspects systematically, the book will provide researchers and graduate students alike a better understanding of drug and behavioral addictions. Dr. Xiaochu Zhang is a professor at the School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, and a principal investigator at the Cognitive Neuropsychology Lab. His research focuses on the neural basis of drug and behavior addiction and its applications to addiction treatment. He has published more than 30 articles in international peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Jie Shi is a principal investigator and Associate Director of the National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University. She is also vice chairwoman of the Drug Dependence Branch of the Chinese Society for Toxicology (CST) and a committee member of the physiopsychology branch of the Chinese Psychological Society. Her research focuses on neural imaging of patients with drug addiction and clinical pharmacology. Dr. Shi has published more than 40 research articles in these fields. Dr. Ran Tao is a chief physician and director of the Internet Addiction Treatment Center, General Hospital of Beijing Military Region. He is also chairman of the Beijing Shijian Integrated Medicine Science Institute and director of the Adolescent Psychological Development Base in China. His research focuses on addiction biology, especially Internet addiction, and he has published several articles in this field.
The Cannabis Manifesto is both a call to action and a radical vision of humans´ relationship with this healing but controversial plant. Steve DeAngelo, the founder of Harborside Health Center, the world´s largest medical-cannabis dispensary, presents a compelling case for cannabis as a wellness catalyst that must be legalized. His view that there is no such thing as recreational cannabis use challenges listeners to rethink everything they thought they knew about marijuana. The Cannabis Manifesto answers essential questions about the plant, using extensive research to fuel a thoughtful discussion about cannabis science and law as well as its biological, mental, and spiritual effects on human beings. With a cultural critic´s eye peering through the lens of social justice, DeAngelo explains how cannabis prohibition has warped our most precious institutions - from the family to the workplace to the doctor´s office and the courtroom. In calling for a realistic national policy on a substance that has been used by half of all Americans, this essential primer will forever change the way the world thinks about cannabis, its benefits, and the laws governing its use. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Andy Barnett. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/rand/004995de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment is the first book to take an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of cannabis use and misuse. Recent worldwide trends toward decriminalizing marijuana for medical use have increased legal use of the drug and recreational use remains high, making cannabis one of the most commonly used drugs. Cannabis has a wide range of adverse neurological effects, and use and abuse can lead to physical, social, and psychopathological issues that are multifarious and complex. Effective understanding and treatment requires knowledge of the drugs effects from across scientific disciplines. This book provides an overview of the biological and pharmacological components of the cannabis plant, outlines its neurological, social, and psychopathological effects, assists in the diagnosis and screening for use and dependency, and aids researchers in developing effective treatments for cannabis-related issues and disorders. Fully illustrated, with contributions from internationally recognized experts, it is the go-to resource for neuroscientists, pharmacologists, pathologists, public-health workers, and any other researcher who needs an in-depth and cross-disciplinary understanding of cannabis and its effects. Comprehensive chapters include an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points Presents illustrations with at least six figures, tables, and diagrams per chapter Provides a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with cannabis and its related pathology, from chemicals and cells, individuals and communities, and diagnosis and treatment Offers an integrated and informed synopsis of the complex issues surrounding cannabis as a substance, its use, and its misuse
This practical and timely book provides comprehensive, state-of-the-art guidance on how primary care clinicians can best care for patients with substance use disorders. The book covers the major drugs of abuse, as well as the more recent ones, detailing the biology of various addictions and all dimensions of clinical diagnosis and management. It is organized in four parts: (1) The Basics, (2) Psychoactive Substance Dependencies, (3) Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Relapse, and the Family, and (4) Special Groups. Part I, The Basics, consists of an overview, the various definitions of substance dependence, and the pharmacology of addictive substances. Chapter 1, Overview, is an introductory chapter that covers material common to the entire field of substance dependence. Chapter 2 covers the various definitions of substance dependence, and Chapter 3 reviews the pharmacology of addictive substances. Part II, Psychoactive Substance Dependencies, explains the various drug dependencies-alcohol dependence, sedative-hypnotic dependence, opioid dependence, stimulant dependence, nicotine dependence, cannabis dependence, dissociative dependence, inhalant dependence, hallucinogen dependence, and anabolic steroid dependence. Part III addresses diagnosis, treatment, recovery, relapse, and the family. Part IV, Special Groups, discusses substance dependence in women, adolescents, the elderly, ethnic minority groups, co-occurring disorders, LGBT patients, HIV positive patients, and the impaired physician. In addition to primary care physicians, Substance Use Disorders: A Guide for the Primary Care Provider will serve as an invaluable resource to primary care nurse practitioners and physician assistants, as well as medical students, primary care residents, emergency medicine physicians, ASAM and APA certified addictionists and those studying for certification in those specialties, psychiatrists, psychologists, and alcohol/drug counselors. H. Thomas Milhorn, MD, PhD Director, Didactics Section East Central HealthNet Family Medicine Residency Program Meridian, Mississippi Formerly Professor of Family Medicine, Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior University of Mississippi School of Medicine Jackson, Mississippi
Before you can start making extracts, there are a few things that you need to know. Basic terms: The terms that are listed here are the terms that are going to be used to describe the consistency of your extract; however, you may realize that some of these terms are also used when looking at the name of the extract. Live resin: this is the extract that you will take from a fresh plant rather than a dried plant Crumble: chunks of dried extract or plant Shatter: an extract that is hard and candy-like Wax: extract that is stretchy and going to stick together even after it has cooled Cannabis extracts Many of the extracts that we are going to discuss in this section are going to be listed later on in the audiobook with the process in which you are going to be able to follow to make that particular extract. Kief: A powdery dust that can be smoked on its own but is going to burn quickly. Hash: Substantial chunks of extract. One of the oldest methods known for making extracts. Bubble hash: The same as the regular hash. The process for making bubble hash is one of the safest out there. ISO Hash (Isopropyl alcohol): A mix between a tarry oil and shatter. Be careful with this one because there may be a hint of chemicals left over in your extract. BHO (Butane Hash oil): This oil will be somewhere between a waxy oil all the way up to a hard shatter. You should always test your BHO before you smoke it to make sure there is no butane left over on the extract. CO2 Oil: Your result for CO2 oil will be either a liquid you use for a vape pen or wax. This is one of the more costly techniques for making extracts. Budder: Soft butter like substance that will crumble. Your budder may... 1. Language: English. Narrator: Trevor Clinger. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/088106de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This issue of the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics will be Part I of II on Substance Use Disorders. Part I will be edited by Drs. Ray Hsiao and Leslie Walker. They present an overview of prevalence and patterns, the neurobiology of adolescent abuse, and evidence-based prevention. This volume will cover a wide array of substances including, alcohol, cannabis, tobacco, stimulant, opioid, hallucinogens, inhalants, and even internet addiction or abuse, among other topics.
Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles is a complete guide to the manifold effects of addictive substances on the brain, providing readers with the latest developing research on how these substances are implicated in neurological development and dysfunction. Cannabis, cocaine, and other illicit drugs can have substantial negative effects on the structure and functioning of the brain. However, other common habituating and addictive substances often used as part of an individuals lifestyle, i.e., alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, painkillers can also compromise brain health and effect or accentuate neurological disease. This book provides broad coverage of the effects of addictive substances on the brain, beginning with an overview of how the substances lead to dysfunction before examining each substance in depth. It discusses the pathology of addiction, the structural damage resulting from abuse of various substances, and covers the neurobiological, neurodegenerative, behavioral, and cognitive implications of use across the lifespan, from prenatal exposure, to adolescence and old age. This book aids researchers seeking an understanding of the neurological changes that these substances induce, and is also extremely useful for those seeking potential treatments and therapies for individuals suffering from chronic abuse of these substances. Integrates current research on the actions of addictive substances in neurological disease Includes functional foods, such as caffeine beverages, that have habituating effects on the brain Provides a synopsis of key ideas associated with the consequences of addictive and habituating lifestyle substances
Marijuana has been illegal in the United States since 1937. Yet, thanks in large part to a loosely connected underground world of breeders, dealers, and smokers, there are currently more than 2000 varieties available. And since 1996, when California first passed legislation allowing for legalized medical marijuana, the underground has slowly surfaced, pushing what was once a decentralized, lawless world closer to the corporate world of business, agriculture, and pharmaceuticals. Super-Charged gets up close and personal with the people who have transformed this controversial drug. With personalities and backgrounds as diverse as the plant itself, the growers include a former Silicon Valley software entrepreneur, third-generation Humboldt, California, growers, a publicly traded pharmaceutical company, and the famous marijuana personality Jorge Cervantes. Jim Rendon takes listeners behind the scenes and into the homes and grow operations of the committed, quality-obsessed practitioners in the international underground industry responsible for creating today´s super-charged cannabis. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael Hinton. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tant/007771de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Discover the Information You Need to Know to Pass a Drug Test! You´re about to discover the key information you need to know on how to pass a urine test for marijuana. Millions of people have no clue how to pass a drug test and believe all types of misinformation regarding diluting the body and exercise. Many places on the Internet do not provide scientifically correct information with proven results. I am not here to promise you that you can pass any test at any time just by doing some magical trick. The truth is, you need to understand that you can never guarantee yourself to pass a drug test. However, there are actions that you can take that will greatly enhance your chance of passing the test. This book will cover those for you. This book gives an introduction to drug tests, the different methods of testing, knowing the tested substances in marijuana, masking techniques that do and don´t work, as well as a step-by-step strategy that will help you stack the odds in your favor when you know a drug test is coming. Here is a preview of what you´ll learn: Understanding drug tests Knowing the substances Knowing the methods Masking techniques that do and don´t work Take action right away to stack the chips in your favor by downloading this book, How to Pass a Drug Test for Marijuana: The Ultimate No B.S. Guide for How to Beat a Drug Test. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kelly Rhodes. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/046392de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Recreational Drug Use in Kenya:Substance abuse, Cannabis, Heroin, Economy of Kenya